The CDC has announced new mask protocols for vaccinated individuals, however as the announcement does not apply to hospitals or medical facilities, there will be no changes for our office protocols for patients, guests, and staff members. Masks are still a requirement for all patients, guests and staff at our offices.

To ensure your health and safety we will continue to implement the following:

  • Confidential virtual consultations (telemedicine) with all doctors using Klara to allow patients to continue their care with the physicians they know and trust while staying safe in the comfort of their own home. Please text 718-550-5971 to sign up. Please note that patients should not send photos or other clinically relevant information until they have agreed to move forward with their appointment using Klara.
  • Online skincare product orders please send a request HERE.
  • Bookings for in-person appointments 

If you have any questions or concerns, please do not hesitate to reach out. We are here for you!

Dermatology & Surgery Associates

How to Use Topical Retinoids


Topical retinoids are available in many over the counter skin care products as well as prescription strength medications. They work to treat a variety of skin care problems ranging from fine lines and wrinkles to acne breakouts. Talk to your dermatologist about whether topical retinoids might be right for you.

What are Retinoids?

Derived from vitamin A, retinoids are a family of chemical substances that are commonly prescribed by dermatologists.

The first retinoid developed for use on the skin was tretinoin—it was approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration as a topical acne treatment that worked by diminishing the clogging of pores and providing an anti-inflammatory effect.

Since then, there have been many more vitamin A-derived products and topical retinoids that have become available- both as over the counter products and also as prescription strength medications. The application of topical retinoids has expanded beyond just acne treatment. Today, topical retinoids are used for treatment of a wide range of skin conditions.

What are the Uses of Topical Retinoids?

Topical retinoids can be used to treat:

  • Acne
  • Psoriasis
  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Discoloration
  • Sun damage and pre-cancers called actinic keratoses

Common Side Effects of Topical Retinoid Therapy:

Commonly reported side effects of using topical retinoid therapy include:

  • Dryness, scaling, or peeling
  • Redness of the skin
  • Irritation
  • Burning, itching, or stinging
  • Sun sensitivity

How to Use Your Topical Retinoid:

  • Topical retinoids are typically applied at bedtime and not in the morning.
  • Before applying your topical retinoid, wash your skin with a mild soap or cleanser and pat dry. To minimize irritation, wait until your skin is completely dry (15-20 minutes) before applying your topical retinoid.
  • Apply a very thin coat of the topical retinoid to the treatment area. Typically, a dermatologist recommends applying a pea sized amount for the entire face. Do not apply to the eyelid skin.
  • As the medication can be irritating and drying, apply every 2nd or 3rd night to start, increasing to nightly application only as tolerated.
  • To help minimize dryness and irritation, you can apply a moisturizer on top of the topical retinoid. Ask your dermatologist for moisturizer recommendations.
  • As the medication causes sun sensitivity, diligent sun protection and sunscreen use is recommended. Use a broad spectrum sunscreen daily, SPF 30 or higher. Your dermatologist can provide recommendations for sunscreens.
  • If you should experience redness and irritation, discontinue using the topical retinoid but continue moisturizing until your skin returns to normal. Once your skin returns to normal, you can re-start your topical retinoid- applying every 2nd or 3rd night to start and gradually working up to nightly application.
  • Generally, topical retinoid use should be discontinued for a period of time before waxing or other cosmetic treatments such as chemical peels, microdermabrasion, or laser therapy. Discuss with your doctor or skin care specialist before pursuing any cosmetic treatments.
  • Do not use topical retinoids if you are pregnant or actively trying to conceive.

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